The Dead Sea Scrolls are on display at the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto. Jordan has asked Canada to invoke international law and seize the scrolls, and keep them in Canadian custody until lawful ownership is determined. The exhibit started in June 2009. At that time, the Palestinian Authority made the same request.
During the 1967 Six-Day War, Israel removed the scrolls from an East Jerusalem museum, pre-war under the ownership of Jordan. Scholars in Jordan and Israel believe the scrolls are the work of "an ascetic Jewish sect known as the Essenes, and were hidden to keep them out of the hands of the Romans. Palestine also agrees that the scrolls are Jewish, "but argue that they are also part of Palestinian heritage (of which there really is no true heritage).
Summoning the Canadian chargé d'affaires in Amman two weeks ago, Jordan cited the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict, to which both Jordan and Canada are signatories, in asking Canada to take custody of the scrolls....
The Hague Convention, which is concerned with safeguarding cultural property during wartime, requires each signatory “to take into its custody cultural property imported into its territory either directly or indirectly from any occupied territory. This shall either be effected automatically upon the importation of the property or, failing this, at the request of the authorities of that territory.”Canada sees it differently:
This means Canada must act, says Jordan. “The Government of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan would be grateful if the Government of Canada would confirm … whether it is prepared to assume its international legal responsibility, and the means by which it intends to do so,” it wrote.
[Canadian spokesman] said yesterday that “differences regarding ownership of the Dead Sea scrolls should be addressed by Israel, Jordan and the Palestinian Authority. It would not be appropriate for Canada to intervene as a third party.”Word of advice to Israel: keep your ancient antiquities at home. As much as we all appreciate an exhibit like this coming to a museum near us - your enemies strike at every good will gesture. Read more about the Dead Sea Scrolls here, here and here.